In July 2013, 44 European and US hedge fund managers were surveyed, representing nearly $325 billion in assets under management. The amount of time that COOs dedicate to legal, compliance and regulatory matters has increased substantially over the past two years. Globally, a COO’s time spent on legal and regulatory matters has increased up to 50% more for the majority of managers surveyed.
Impact of changing regulation on hedge fund managers’ operations and infrastructure
COOs are dedicating an increasing amount of time on legal, compliance and regulatory issues.
61% of European managers and over half of US managers estimate that their COO dedicates over 25% more time on legal, compliance and regulatory issues than two years ago.
Notably, in the US, almost a quarter of COOs have seen an increase of up to 75% in the time that they dedicate to addressing such issues. The regional difference is most likely attributed to the fact that US managers had to prepare for SEC and CFTC registration and reporting before their European counterparts were required to comply with AIFMD.
Managers are growing the size of their non-investment teams amid increasing regulatory requirements.
To help prepare for and manage new regulatory requirements, 41% of managers surveyed have hired more than one non-investment FTE (including contract workers) over the past two years. Results show minimal regional difference.
European and US managers are growing their budget for costs related to legal, regulatory and compliance matters.
42% of European respondents say that their overall non-headcount-related costs have increased by more than 25% over the past two years. These costs include technology, external legal, compliance, tax, regulatory reporting and other external consulting. The majority of US managers (67%) say costs have increased by only 1%-25%. This is inclusive of 38% who said overall costs had only increased by less than 10%.
It was surprising to see that a small proportion of European managers (13%) report that costs have actually decreased over the past two years; however, those had hired internally and in-sourced much of the related work.
Regulatory changes are driving up costs, namely around regulatory reporting and external legal advisory.
Approximately 40% of managers report that expenditures for regulatory reporting and external legal advisory have increased by more than 25% over the past two years. For technology, along with external compliance, external tax advice and other consulting-related costs, the majority of respondents report an increase of between 1%-10%.
European managers report a greater increase in expenditure for technology and regulatory reporting over the past two years than their US peers.
Marketing into Europe under AIFMD
The majority of European managers have decided to respond only to incoming investor requests for information regarding their funds.
35% of European managers continue to market in the EU within the jurisdictions where they qualify for the transitional provisions, delaying full compliance until July 2014. However, the large majority (56%) have decided to respond only to incoming investor requests for information regarding their funds. Less than 10% of managers say that they are planning to become authorised as soon as possible.
The majority of European managers are planning to submit their application for AIFMD authorisation in 2014, in line with UK FCA guidance.
82% of European managers responding to the survey intend to wait until 2014 to apply for AIFMD registration. That said, 36% of European managers say that they may register earlier than anticipated provided they have further clarity and guidanceon all aspects of AIFMD. 19% would consider early registration if marketing opportunities arise from the EU passport.
Managers remain uncertain as to whether AIFMD will have a positive impact on capital raising in Europe.
61% of the managers polled say that they do not believe that AIFMD will provide new sources of investment from institutional allocators. Another 39% of managers polled stated that they were “uncertain.”
US managers continue to seek investment from Europe after 22 July 2013.
US managers are split in how they are approaching marketing into Europe. Over 40% of US managers continue to market into Europe under transition provisions, while an additional 43% state they will respond only to incoming investor requests for information regarding their funds. Only 14% have chosen to comply fully with AIFMD requirements concerning non-European managers marketing non-European funds, including the transparency provisions set out in Articles 22-24 of AIFMD.
Of those respondents who do not intend to actively market to Europe, 44% highlight that reporting obligations were a key factor in contributing to their decision. The second most prevalent reason was remuneration disclosures (31%).
US managers were also asked whether they would consider fully complying with the AIFMD directive if the marketing passport was extended to non-European managers. The majority of respondents either would not be interested or they are undecided about the passport.